Friday 24 April 2020

Costa Rica: 12th March 2020 - the Grand Finale

I was up early at Savegre, not wanting to lose a minute of potential birding time on our last half day.  I met Angie outside and we walked down to the river passing early rising Ruddy Capped Nightingale-Thrushes and Rufous-collared Sparrows on the way. An Osprey was a pleasant surprise as it headed for one of the trout fisheries we saw yesterday afternoon and the Acorn Woodpeckers were in and out of their nest hole.

Rufous-collared Sparrow

Ruddy Crowned Nightingale-Thrush

The same selection of Hummingbirds was on the stand of Cannas with the white flashes of the Stripe-tailed catching your eye as they dashed up and down.
We came back via the inside trail and found a Torrent Tyrannulet on the boating lake using the little white vessels as a lookout while a Louisiana Waterthrush bobbed around the edges, favouring the puddles where the water overflowed back towards the river. 

Torrent Tyrannulet

Yellow-bellied Siskins flew around calling and we heard the ‘plu-ip’ once again of Paltry Tyrannulet and managed a glimpse in a tree top where a couple of Tennessee Warblers were feeding.
However, the star performer for pre-breakfast was a Grey Breasted Wood Wren who fed, unconcerned with our presence as it poked around a flower bed and orchid strewn stump.

Grey Breasted Wood Wren

Grey Breasted Wood Wren

All too soon it was time to eat and then the final quick pack of the bags with a nodding glance at the Hummers, Slaty Flowerpiercers, Flame-coloured Tanagers and Clay Coloured Thrushes as we packed the bus.

Slaty Flowerpiercer

Soon we were off but stopped not too far up the road for a final attempt at American Dipper but to no avail although the Long-tailed Silky Flycatchers here put on a good show and both Torrent Tyrannulet and Mountain Thrush were to be seen but we had to move on as birding time was at a premium.

Torrent Tyrannulet

Mountain Thrush

It did not take too long to arrive at Paraiso Quetzal – a restaurant where we would be having an early lunch that afforded great views of the landscape and had some Hummingbird feeders actually in the sunshine.

A tiny wild Fuchia
What ensued was a frenzy of photography. The sunlight brought the four species present to life and they shone and sparkled. You did not need bins, they were so close and unconcerned.

Volcanos were the smallest and once again not one had any throat colour but they were so tiny and feisty with it. 
Volcano Hummingbird

Volcano - Steve Cullum
Next up were the Lesser Violetears which were a joy having only seen them ‘tick tocking’ in the canopy, decked out in iridescent green with almost projecting purple cheek patches. 

Lesser Violetear

Then the Fiery-throated and when the light caught them you heard everyone draw in breath. Pick a colour and it would appear and disappear somewhere on the throat patch and breast of this sparkly gem.  

Fiery-throated sharing with a sleepy Lesser Violetear

and likewise

Fiery-throated Hummingbird

Last but not least were the chunky Talamancas who suddenly went from just looking plain green to having a gleaming almost pink crown and peacock green front. The females almost looked like a different species as the bill appeared longer and more down curved.


Talamanca with a Fiery Throated

female Talamancas
female Talamanca - Steve Cullum
Talamanca with Lesser Violetear

Talamanca with Volcano

What you have to try and imagine is that all of these observations were taken at breakneck speed. A freshly filled feeder would suddenly be swarmed by glittering jewels hurtling in and out at lightning speed, causing you to flinch as they narrowly missed your head or other piece of inconveniently placed anatomy.  Occasionally one would perch and pause to catch its breath before rejoining the fray. The colours would flash like distant avian supernovas and be gone in an instant only to reappear a second later somewhere else.  We had all been watching Hummers for two weeks but nothing compared to this experience.

from top left Violetear, Talamanca, Fiery Throated

Fiery Throateds and a back on Violetear who has the best tail of any Hummer I saw

female Talamanca and Fiery Throateds

The three...

There were more than just Hummers to see with Silkies and Mountain Elaenias in the bushes below and perhaps one of the more ludicrously coloured species as yet encountered with a pair of Golden-browed Chlorophonias. Both were bright lime green and egg yolk yellow and the male also had an electric powder blue crown and half collar.

Long-tailed Silky Flycatcher

Long-tailed Silky Flycatcher

Golden-browed Chlorophonia

Golden-browed Chlorophonia
Golden-browed Chlorophonia - Steve Cullum

A walk had been planned but Steve had been negotiating and we were back on the bus with a local guide from the lodge to head up to a Quetzal nest on a farmstead where the birds would be in the sunshine and where we would be helping the farmer and local tourist industry simply by showing up. We approached the nest site via the back of the small holding past the ‘house’ of the farmer that was basically a multitude of corrugated sheeting jumbled together to form a rambling one level dwelling. I could hear music inside and laughing kids and a lady waved through a plastic window.

In their garden stood a funny looking tree and our guide informed us that it was a man made nest box from an old trunk as so many nest sites were destroyed during a great storm several years before.  The team started with nest boxes but the Quetzals were not keen on them but these fake tree hole ones have been very successful. 

We had only been there a couple of minutes when the female came in with some insect food for the young inside but the male had to leave first which he did in a flurry of metallic green, red and white with that obscene tail trailing behind.  He did not linger and she soon disappeared into the hole with lunch.

female Resplendent Quetzal
female Resplendent Quetzal - Steve Cullum

off goes the male Quetzal

and in comes the female

The wait was now on to see if the male returned and with the clock ticking we took in all the other birds to be seen with Rufous Collared Sparrows coming to a feeder right alongside us and Long-tailed Silkies and Greyish Saltators in the trees opposite.  A Black-throated Green Warbler fed low down and a boisterous bunch of White Naped Brush Finches played chase and one confident bird even came all the way up to the Sparrow feeder which was considerate of it.  A Red-tailed Hawk condescended to find its way at last on to every list and a Rufous-browed Peppershrike sang behind us.

Greyish Saltators

Red-tailed Hawk

White Naped Brush Finches

Time was almost up and our collective willing for the male to return worked at last. He stayed at the back for a while flicking out those white tail sides and swooshing those elongated plumes before making a dash for the hole. He did not stay long and as he left you could hear the 25 people present praying that he would land on the specially placed high horizontal perch that had been created for him.

male Resplendent Quetzal

...doing his actually 'I am a big green cockerel' impression

He did just that and spent our last five minutes there posing in all his most resplendent glory.

It was a happy bus back towards lunch but our guide wanted to try for a couple of specialities for us.  He took us off piste on the Lodge entrance drive and within a few minutes we were surrounded by birds with Large footed Finches, Long-tailed and the hoped for Black and Yellow Silky Flycatchers and then we heard him saying ‘Wrenthrush’.

Black and Yellow Silky Flycatcher
And there, not a few yards away was the fabled Zeledonia that we had heard so close at Savegre yesterday. It was almost completely spherical, ash grey below and olive above with a blazing orange central crown with a black border. Thankfully everyone (eventually) got onto this enigmatic bird.


We now tried for the other of the mega-elusive pair, the Silvery Fronted Tapaculo and although a singing bird came within just a few feet of us we could not see it at all and snuck in and out un-noticed.

It was time for a final lunch and a toast to Gina, Steve and Ramon for a magnificently executed adventure before a last little hummingbird fix and the tedious journey back into and out of San Jose to the airport and our long journey home.

It all went smoothly and we were all safely home by mid afternoon the following day having somehow managed to complete our holiday safely and in its entirety before the Covid pandemic shut the world down.

Writing this blog during the course of lockdown has been a therapeutic delight in troubled times. It has allowed me to relive each day from start to finish, to savour the images captured and experiences gained and to share them with whoever would care to work their way through 30,000 words and about a 1000 pictures.

I knew from the outset that Costa Rica would be a life changer.  My understanding of what biodiversity meant was blown apart. I had spent two weeks in a country about the size of Wales and experienced 433 species from about 900 present and lost myself in the sensory world of the jungle.  I cannot wait to go back.

I came home to a tentative early British spring only to think that I had had that taken away from me by the lockdown and being quite rightly Furloughed. However, I think that, for me at any rate, it may have been the best thing to have happened as I have been determined to get out and discover on foot, the area in which I have lived for the last twenty years. I have taken more delight in the simplicity of an English woodland emerging from a grey and dank winter, the territorial wrangling of my local Mistle Thrushes, the carpets of flowers under the trees and thriving on our roadsides and footpaths and the insects visiting them, the fact that Skylarks, Corn Buntings, Hawfinches, Firecrests and Ravens all breed within an hour walk of home and the sheer joy of being in my own garden waiting for the first Swift to come back for the summer.

It is not quite the end of April yet and there is more exploring to be done but Costa Rica will now always be in my head to fall back on when I need a memory fix to keep me going.

The Bird List: 

Great Tinamou Tinamus major
Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
Anhinga Anhinga anhinga
Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens
Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
Snowy Egret Egretta thula
Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias herodias 
Great Egret Egretta alba
Western Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Green Heron Butorides virescens 
Yellow-crowned Night-heron Nyctanassa violacea
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Boat-billed Heron Cochlearius cochlearia
Bare-throated Tiger-heron Tigrisoma mexicanum
Fasciated Tiger-heron Tigrisoma fasciatum
Pinnated Bittern Botaurus pinnatus
Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis
Wood Stork Mycteria americana
Jabiru Jabiru mycteria
White Ibis Eudocimus albus
Green Ibis Mesembrinibis cayennensis
Roseate Spoonbill Ajaia ajaja
Limpkin Aramus guarauna
Black-bellied Whistling-duck Dendrocygna autumnalis
Fulvous Whistling-duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors
Masked Duck Nomonyx dominicus
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa
Grey-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis
Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis
American Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus
White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus 
Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea
Harris' Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus
Semiplumbeous Hawk Leucopternis semiplumbea
White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis
Mangrove Black-hawk Buteogallus subtilis 
Grey Hawk Asturina plagiata 
Roadside Hawk Rupornis magnirostris
Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus
Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus
Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni
Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus
Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis
Ornate Hawk-eagle Spizaetus ornatus
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Northern Crested Caracara Polyborus plancus
Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima
Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans
Barred Forest-falcon Micrastur ruficollis
Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
Grey-headed Chachalaca Ortalis cinereiceps 
Crested Guan Penelope purpurascens
Black Guan Chamaepetes unicolor
Great Curassow Crax rubra
White-throated Crake Laterallus albigularis 
Yellow-breasted Crake Porzana flaviventer
Russet-naped Wood-Rail  Aramides albiventris
Uniform Crake Amaurolimnas concolor
American Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinicus
Common Gallinule Gallinula chloropus
Sungrebe Heliornis fulica
Northern Jacana Jacana spinosa
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus 
Double-striped Thick-knee Burhinus bistriatus
Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis
Hudsonian Whimbrel Numenius hudsonicus
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia 
Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
Rock Pigeon  (Feral) Columba livia 'feral'
Scaled Pigeon Patagioenas speciosa
Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata
Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis
Red-billed Pigeon Patagioenas flavirostris
Ruddy Pigeon Patagioenas subvinacea
Short-billed Pigeon Patagioenas nigrirostris
White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica
Inca Dove Columbina inca 
Common Ground-dove Columbina passerina
Ruddy Ground-dove Columbina talpacoti
Blue Ground-dove Claravis pretiosa
Gray-headed Dove Leptotila plumbeiceps
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi
Gray-chested Dove Leptotila cassini
Buff-fronted Quail-Dove Zentrygon costaricensis
Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana
Great Green Macaw Ara ambigua 
Scarlet Macaw Ara macao
Finch's Parakeet (FKA Crimson-fronted) Psittacara finschi
Olive-throated Parakeet Eupsittula nana
Orange-fronted Parakeet Eupsittula canicularis
Sulphur-winged Parakeet Pyrrhura hoffmanni
Orange-chinned Parakeet Brotogeris jugularis
White-crowned Parrot Pionus senilis
White-fronted Parrot Amazona albifrons
Red-lored Parrot Amazona autumnalis
Yellow-naped Parrot Amazona auropalliata
Mealy Parrot Amazona farinosa
Mangrove Cuckoo Coccyzus minor
Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana
Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris
Tropical Screech-owl Megascops choliba
Striped Owl Pseudoscops clamator
Mottled Owl Ciccaba virgata
Black-and-white Owl Ciccaba nigrolineata 
Spectacled Owl Pulsatrix perspicillata
Unspotted Saw-whet Aegolius ridgwayi
Central American Pygmy-owl Glaucidium griseiceps
Ferruginous Pygmy-owl Glaucidium brasilianum
Great Potoo Nyctibius grandis
Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus
Chuck-Wills-Widow Antrostomus carolinensis
Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus 
Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis
Common Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis
Dusky Nightjar Antrostomus saturatus 
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris
Costa Rican Swift Chaetura fumosa
Grey-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris 
Vaux's Swift Chaetura vauxi 
Band-tailed Barbthroat Threnetes ruckeri 
Green Hermit Phaethornis guy
Long-billed Hermit Phaethornis longirostris 
Striped-throated Hermit Phaethornis longuemareus
Scaly-breasted Hummingbird Phaeochroa cuvierii
Violet Sabrewing Campylopterus hemileucurus
White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora
Lesser Violet-ear Colibri cyanotus
Green-breasted Mango Anthracothorax prevostii
Violet-headed Hummingbird Klais guimeti
Black-crested Coquette Lophornis helenae
Green Thorntail Discosura conversii
Cannivet’s Emerald Chlorostilbon canivetii 
Crowned Woodnymph Thalurania colombica 
Fiery-throated Hummingbird Panterpe insignis
Blue-throated Sapphire (FKA BT Goldentail) Hylocharis eliciae
Blue-chested Hummingbird Amazilia amabilis
Mangrove Hummingbird      E Amazilia boucardi
Cinnamon Hummingbird Amazilia rutila
Blue-vented Hummingbird (FKA Steely-vented) Amazilia hoffmanni 
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia tzacatl
Stripe-tailed Hummingbird Eupherusa eximia
Black-bellied Hummingbird Eupherusa nigriventris
Coppery-headed Emerald     E Elvira cupreiceps
Talamanca Hummingbird (FKA Magnificent) Eugenes spectabilis
Purple-crowned Fairy Heliothryx barroti 
Plain-capped Starthroat Heliomaster constantii
Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris
Volcano Hummingbird Selasphorus flammula torridus
Scintillant Hummingbird Selasphorus scintilla
Resplendent Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno
Slaty-tailed Trogon Trogon massena
Black-headed Trogon Trogon melanocephalus
Orange-bellied Trogon  Trogon aurantiiventris
Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus
Gartered Trogon Trogon caligatus 
Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon
Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquata
Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana
American Pygmy Kingfisher Chloroceryle aenea
Broad-billed Motmot Electron platyrhynchum
Keel-billed Motmot Electron carinatum
Turquoise-browed Motmot Eumomota superciliosa
Rufous Motmot Baryphthengus martii 
Lesson's Motmot  (FKA Blue-diademed) Momotus lessonii
Tody Motmot Hylomanes momotula
Rufous-tailed Jacamar   Galbula ruficauda
White-necked Puffbird Notharchus hyperrhynchus
Pied Puffbird Notharchus tectus
White-whiskered Puffbird Malacoptila panamensis
Red-headed Barbet Eubucco bourcierii
Prong-billed Barbet Semnornis frantzii
Blue-throated Toucanet (FKA Emerald ) Aulacorhynchus caeruleogularis
Collared Aracari Pteroglossus torquatus
Fiery-billed Aracari Pteroglossus frantzii
Keel-billed Toucan Ramphastos sulfuratus
Yellow-throated Toucan (FKA Chestnut-mandibled) Ramphastos ambiguus
Olivaceous Piculet Picumnus olivaceus
Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus
Black-cheeked Woodpecker Melanerpes pucherani
Hoffmanns' Woodpecker Melanerpes hoffmannii 
Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus
Smoky-brown Woodpecker Picoides fumigatus
Rufous-winged Woodpecker Piculus simplex 
Golden-olive Woodpecker Colaptes rubiginosus
Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus
Pale-billed Woodpecker Campephilus guatemalensis
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spirurus
Northern Barred Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae
Cocoa Woodcreeper   Xiphorhynchus susurrans 
Spotted Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus erythropygius 
Streak-headed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes souleyetii
Spot-crowned Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes affinis
Ruddy Treerunner Margarornis rubiginosus
Lineated Foliage-gleaner Syndactyla subalaris
Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner Automolus ochrolaemus
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner Philydor rufum
Tawny-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus mexicanus
Plain Xenops Xenops minutus
Fasciated Antshrike Cymbilaimus lineatus
Great Antshrike Taraba major
Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus
Black-hooded Antshrike Thamnophilus bridgesi
Black-crowned Antshrike  Thamnophiluss atrinucha
Russet Antshrike Thamnistes anabatinus
Slaty Antwren Myrmotherula schisticolor
Dot-winged Antwren Microrhopias quixensis
Dusky Antbird Cercomacroides tyrannina
Chestnut-backed Antbird Poliocrania exsul
Dull-mantled Antbird Sipia laemosticta
Bicoloured Antbird Gymnopithys bicolor 
Spotted Antbird Hylophylax naevioides
Ocellated Antbird Phaenostictus mcleannani
Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis
Streak-chested Antpitta Hylopezus perspicillatus 
Thicket Antpitta Hylopezus dives 
Silvery-fronted Tapaculo Scytalopus argentifrons
Snowy Cotinga Carpodectes nitidus
Purple-throated Fruitcrow Querula purpurata
Red-capped Manakin Ceratopipra mentalis
White-crowned Manakin Dixiphia pipra
Blue-crowned Manakin Lepidothrix coronata
Long-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia linearis 
White-collared Manakin Manacus candei 
Orange-collared Manakin Manacus aurantiacus 
Olive-striped Flycatcher Mionectes olivaceus
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus
Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum
Paltry Tyrannulet Zimmerius vilissimus
Northern Beardless Tyrannulet Camptostoma imberbe
Southern Beardless Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum 
Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet Tyrannulus elatus
Greenish Elaenia Myiopagis viridicata
Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster
Mountain Elaenia Elaenia frantzii
Torrent Tyrannulet Serpophaga cinerea
Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus pileatus
Northern Bentbill Oncostoma cinereigulare
Yellow-olive Flatbill Tolmomyias sulphurescens
Northern Royal-flycatcher Onychorhynchus coronatus mexicanus
Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher Myiobius sulphureipygius
Tufted Flycatcher Mitrephanes phaeocercus
Dark Pewee Contopus lugubris
Eastern Wood-pewee Contopus virens
Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris
Yellowish Flycatcher Empidonax flavescens
Black-capped Flycatcher Empidonax atriceps
Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus
Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans
Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus
Bright-rumped Attila Attila spadiceus citreopyga
Rufous Mourner Rhytipterna holerythra
Nutting's Flycatcher Myiarchus nuttingi
Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer
Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua
Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis
Grey-capped Flycatcher Myiozetetes granadensis
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus
Barred Becard Pachyramphus versicolor
Cinnamon Becard Pachyramphus cinnamomeus 
Rose-throated Becard Pachyramphus aglaiae
Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata
Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor
Mangrove Swallow Tachycineta albilinea
Grey-breasted Martin Progne chalybea 
Blue-and-white Swallow Notiochelidon cyanoleuca
Northern Rough-winged Swallow  Stelgidopteryx serripennis
Southern Rough-winged Swallow  Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Long-tailed Silky-flycatcher Ptilogonys caudatus
Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcher  Phainoptila melanoxantha
Rufous-backed Wren (FKA Rufous-naped ) Campylorhyncus capistratus
Band-backed Wren Campylorhynchus zonatus
Rufous-breasted Wren Pheugopedius rutilus
Spot-breasted Wren Pheugopedius maculipectus
Bay Wren Cantorchilus nigricapillus
Stripe-breasted Wren Cantorchilus thoracicus
Canebrake Wren Cantorchilus zeledoni
Rufous-and-white Wren Thryothorus rufalbus
House Wren Troglodytes aedon musculus
Ochraceous Wren Troglodytes ochraceus 
Timberline Wren Thryorchilus browni
White-breasted Wood-wren Henicorhina leucosticta
Grey-breasted Wood-wren Henicorhina leucophrys
Nightingale Wren Microcerculus philomela
Song Wren Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus 
Tropical  Mockingbird Mimus gilvus
Black-faced Solitaire Myadestes melanops 
Black-billed Nightingale-thrush Catharus gracilirostris
Ruddy-capped Nightingale-thrush  Catharus frantzii
Black-headed Nightingale-thrush  Catharus mexicanus
Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus
Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelinus
Sooty Thrush Turdus nigrescens
Mountain Thrush Turdus plebejus 
Clay-coloured Thrush Turdus grayi
Trilling Gnatwren (FKA Long-billed ) Ramphocaenus melanurus
Tropical Gnatcatcher   Polioptila plumbea
White-lored Gnatcatcher Polioptila albiloris
Brown Jay Psilorhinus morio
House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis
Yellow-winged Vireo Vireo carmioli
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius
Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons
Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus
Yellow-green Vireo Vireo flavoviridis
Brown-capped Vireo Vireo leucophrys 
Lesser Greenlet Pachysylvia decurtatus
Yellow-bellied Siskin Carduelis xanthogastra
Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera
Tennessee Warbler Oreothlpis peregrina
Flame-throated Warbler Oreothlpis gutturalis
Tropical Parula Setophaga pitiayumi 
Yellow Warbler   Setophaga petechia
Mangrove Warbler Setophaga erithachorides
Chestnut-sided Warbler Setophaga pensylvanica
Bay Breasted Warbler  Setophaga castanea
Black-throated Green Warbler Setophaga virens
American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla
Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea
Northern Waterthrush Parkesia noveboracensis
Louisiana Waterthrush Parkesia motacilla
Olive-crowned Yellowthroat Geothlypis semiflava
Gray-crowned Yellowthroat Geothlypis poliocephala
Wilson's Warbler Cardellina pusilla
Collared Whitestart Myioborus torquatus
Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus
Black-cheeked Warbler Basileuterus melanogenys
Buff-rumped Warbler Basileuterus fulvicauda 
Zeledonia (FKA Wrenthrush) Zeledonia coronata
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
Common Bush-tanager Chlorospingus ophthalmicus
Sooty-capped Bush-tanager Chlorospingus pileatus
Carmiol’s Tanager   Chlorothraupis carmioli 
White-throated Shrike-tanager Lanio leucothorax 
White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus
Tawny-crested Tanager Tachyphonus delatrii
White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus
Red-crowned Ant-tanager Habia rubica
Red-throated Ant-tanager Habia fuscicauda
Flame-coloured Tanager Piranga bidentata
Tooth Billed Tanager Piranga lutea
Summer Tanager Piranga rubra
Crimson-collared Tanager Ramphocelus sanguinolentus
Cherries Tanager  Ramphocelus costaricensis
Passerini’s Tanager Ramphocelus passerinii 
Blue-grey Tanager Thraupis episcopus 
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum
Blue-and-gold Tanager Bangsia arcaei
Scrub Euphonia Euphonia affinis 
Yellow-crowned Euphonia Euphonia luteicapilla
Yellow-throated Euphonia Euphonia hirundinacea
Olive-backed Euphonia Euphonia gouldi
Tawny-capped Euphonia Euphonia anneae
Golden-browed Chlorophonia Chlorophonia callophrys 
Emerald Tanager Tangara florida
Silver-throated Tanager Tangara icterocephala
Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola
Golden-hooded Tanager Tangara larvata 
Spangle-cheeked Tanager Tangara dowii
Scarlet-thighed Dacnis Dacnis venusta
Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza
Shining Honeycreeper Cyanerpes lucidus 
Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus
Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis
Volcano Junco Junco vulcani
Stripe-headed Sparrow Peucaea ruficauda
Orange-billed Sparrow Arremon aurantiirostris
Olive Sparrow Arremonops rufivirgatus
Black-striped Sparrow Arremonops conirostris
White-naped Brush-finch (FKA  Yellow Crowned) Atlapetes albinucha parvirostris 
Chestnut-capped Brush-finch Atlapetes brunneinucha elsae
Large-footed Finch Pezopetes capitalis
Yellow-thighed Finch Pselliophorus tibialis
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina
Variable Seedeater   Sporophila corvina
Morelet's Seedeater (FKA White-collared ) Sporophila morelleti
Nicaraguan Seed-finch Sporophila nuttingi
Thick-billed Seed-finch Sporophila funerea
Yellow-faced Grassquit Tiaris olivacea
Slaty Flower-piercer Diglossa plumbea 
Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus
Black-faced Grosbeak Caryothraustes poliogaster 
Black-headed Saltator Saltator atriceps
Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus
Greyish Saltator Saltator coerulescens
Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanocompsa cyanoides
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris
Montezuma Oropendola Psarocolius montezuma
Chestnut-headed Oropendola Psarocolius wagleri
Scarlet-rumped Cacique   Cacicus uropygialis
Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula
Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius
Streak-backed Oriole Icterus pustulatus
Black-cowled Oriole Icterus prosthemelas
Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus
Red-breasted Blackbird Sturnella militaris
Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna
Melodious Blackbird Dives dives
Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus
Nicaraguan Grackle Quiscalus nicaraguensis
Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus
Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzivora


  1. Your humming bird photos are stunning. They are absolutely beautiful. Presume you are glad you invested in the new camera then?

  2. A most enjoyable blog Howard and a fabulous total. I spoke to Phil and he said that it was the wrong time of the year for Insects, which was a shame. Like Derek, I was impressed with the Hummingbird pictures. If I had a wish list it would be to get Hummingbird pictures. They are fabulous colourful Birds. The Tanagers are special as well. I hope you make it back to Costa Rica. I have enjoyed your local walk blogs but curiously my walks at my local Park have been strangely devoid of Wildlife and you can count the Insects on one hand. Let us hope this lockdown is lifted soon. Stay safe, Lawrence.

  3. Glad you enjoyed the blogs Lawrence. It was good to be able to write the bulk of them during lockdown. Quite cathartic